The United Nations in Suriname supports national partners in the implementation of evidence-based programmes to prevent and respond to HIV and AIDS.
Suriname has a concentrated HIV epidemic. It is estimated that approximately 1.1 percent of the adult population (age 15-49) is living with HIV. AIDS is the sixth main cause of death in the country.
The prevalence in the most at risk populations (MARPs) though, is higher than the general adult population e.g. 6.7 percent among men that have sex with men in 2004 and 6.7 percent among sex workers in the capital city Paramaribo in 2009.
Pregnant women constitute a cross-section of the general, sexually active population and therefore provide a reasonable estimation of the extent to which HIV has spread among the population.
In 2010, 84 percent of all pregnant women were tested for HIV (prevalence 1.0 percent). The prevalence in the age group 15-24 year is slightly less (0.7 percent in 2010) compared to the prevalence in all ages.
There is a noticeable decrease in the number of infected infants born out of HIV- positive mothers (one out of 81 in 2011, compared with four out of 54 in 2010). Increasingly pregnant women testing positive for HIV and their newborns receive antiretroviral. In 2011 98 percent of the children born out of HIV positive women received antiretroviral.
UNFPA, UNICEF, PAHO/WHO support national partners in the implementation of evidence-based programmes to prevent and respond to HIV and AIDS in vulnerable groups and most at risk populations like sex workers, men who have sex with men and youth.
The UN, under the leadership of UNFPA supports initiatives aimed at improving healthy choices among these populations, while PAHO/WHO will assist the Ministry of Health in the strengthening of the prevention, treatment, care and support services as well as the development of plans and policies regarding HIV.
Also, UNICEF will advocate for the development of an action plan for Children and HIV, its integration in existing services and the monitoring of the implementation of the action plan.
Prevention and response to HIV and AIDS