The United Nations in Suriname supports the Government in planning and implementing evidence-based health policies, strategies and monitoring and evaluation systems to address the most important challenges in the health system and population health.
UN agencies focus their work in the following areas:
Maternal health: Around 120 women die from pregnancy related causes for every 100,000 live birth in Suriname, a figure higher than the average for Latin America and the Caribbean (87/100,000). The immediate causes for maternal mortality in Suriname are primarily linked to pregnancy induced hypertension (20 percent) and complications of labour and delivery (16 percent).
PAHO/WHO supports the Ministry of Health towards strengthening and renewal of the Health System based on Primary Health Care to ensure universal coverage such as skilled care for every pregnant woman and every new-born. UNFPA will provide technical assistance to develop a Safe Motherhood Action Plan and Maternal Health protocols.
Furthermore, UNICEF supports the Ministry of Health developing a Maternal and Child Health National strategy which will incorporate a special focus in the interior. This will contribute to reducing the disparities in the quality of care afforded to people in the interior and those who live in urban centers. For example with regard to malnutrition, severe stunting (height for age) in urban areas is 5.9 percent for children below the age of 5, whereas in rural areas and the interior the percentages are 9.3 and 12.0 respectively.
Reproductive health services and family planning: UNFPA will support the development and implementation of a Sexual Reproductive Health policy.
Child health and nutrition: The lack of sufficient recent data in Suriname with regard to nutritional status of persons older than 5 years and regarding food intake is preventing policy makers from developing meaningful public health nutrition interventions. UNICEF and PAHO/WHO, will support the Bureau of Public Health (BOG) of the Ministry of Health, to conduct a national nutrition survey providing decision makers with the necessary evidence to develop the most effective nutritional interventions and policies.
Non-communicable diseases: In 2009, non communicable diseases (NCDs) accounted for over 60 percent of all deaths in Suriname. Chronic conditions such as cardiovascular diseases, malignancies and diabetes are among the ten leading causes of mortality and factors ie. smoking, obesity, changes in diet enhance the risk of morbidity related to these diseases at an increasingly younger age, in particular among population groups who traditionally had a more healthy diet.
The United Nations in Suriname, under the leadership of PAHO/WHO, supports the development and implementation of policies and strategies to prevent and control chronic non-communicable diseases, violence and to ensure mental health and road safety.
As part of the fight against NCDs, UNFPA will support the Ministry of Health to implement a programme for combating cancers of the reproductive organs and supporting primary health care service providers and family planning organizations.
Communicable diseases and neglected infectious diseases: PAHO/WHO will support the Ministry of Health to strengthen the national immunization services and surveillance system, developing and implementing a syphilis protocol and further enhancing prevention, treatment and care for tuberculosis and malaria.
Furthermore, PAHO/WHO will support the development and implementation of a National Neglected Infectious Diseases Plan for the surveillance, prevention, control and elimination of these diseases in Suriname.
Around 120 women die from pregnancy related causes for every 100,000 live birth in Suriname, a figure higher than the average for Latin America and the Caribbean (87/100,000). The immediate causes for maternal mortality in Suriname are primarily linked to pregnancy induced hypertension (20 percent) and complications of labour and delivery (16 percent).