The United Nations in Suriname supports the Government promoting environmental sustainability and strengthening the capacity of the country to adapt and respond to climate change.
United Nations agencies, mainly UNDP, FAO, PAHO/WHO and GEF/SGP, are supporting different national partners in improving environmental management to better prepare and respond to climate change. Here are some of the programmes and projects within this framework:
Improving management of the coastal protected area: Together with the Ministry of Physical Planning, Land and Forest Management, UNDP works in the protection of Suriname’s globally significant coastal biodiversity. The objective is to improve management effectiveness and efficiency of protected areas along the nation’s western coast.
Reducing land degradation: Unsustainable mining, logging and agriculture practices in Suriname lead to land degradation affecting the environment and further making the country susceptible to climate change consequences. Mining pollution and deforestation can ultimately damage aquatic environments, and affect the livelihoods of Indigenous and Maroon communities.
Improving land management practices will reduce land degradation and its consequences. UNDP works together with the Ministry of Labour and Environment to develop national capacity in sustainable land management.
Supporting vulnerable communities: The Global Environmental Facility/Small Grants Programme in Suriname supports NGOs and community based organizations that work to conserve and restore the environment while enhancing people’s well-being and livelihoods through financial and technical support. The focal areas of the GEF SGP projects are: conservation of biodiversity, combating land degradation, elimination of chemicals, abatement of climate change and protection of international waters. Since 2011, the AusAID has allocated funds towards SGP Suriname specifically targeted towards community based climate change adaptation projects.
Promoting sound chemical management: Deficient chemical management is a serious problem in Suriname, especially when it is related to pesticides, mercury, hazardous waste management and obsolete chemicals that result in soil and groundwater contamination. They can have harmful effects on the environment jeopardizing the productive capacity of ecosystems and further exposing Suriname to increased health and food security challenges.
UNDP and UNEP support the Ministry of Labour and Management to develop and strengthen the necessary national chemicals management institutions, plans, programmes and activities to promote the sound management of chemicals in Suriname.